The Historical Exhibition Bulding Opava

Nature in Silesia

The main task of the Nature in Silesia section of the exhibition is to document the flora and fauna and biodiversity of the region with reference to others all around Europe and the world.


The Silesian landscape conceals a large amount of information on its own history. The geological part of the exhibition gives a brief overview of the origins and geological development using exhibits from Silesia and north Moravia. From a geological point of view, this is a highly varied field, because it is in Silesia that two different geological zones – the Bohemian massif and the Carpathian range – come into contact. Deposits of coal formed in the top, carboniferous layer to form the Upper Silesian Coal Basin – the Ostrava-Karviná Coal Basin.         

Silesia is the most significant area of quaternary glaciation in the Czech Republic. Of special interest are the Silesian volcanoes from the end of the Neogene and beginning of the Quaternary Periods, such as Velký Roudný, Uhlířský vrch, Mezina and Bílčice. Fossils show the development of plants and animals on the territory of Silesia, from the Palaeozoic to the Quaternary Era. Apart from the carboniferous layers, Mesozoic sediments, which are particularly rich in flora and fauna, are best preserved in the Moravian-Silesian Beskids range, part of the Carpathian range created in the Cenozoic Era.         

The unique Štramberk limestone, created through the accumulation of the skeletons of marine organisms, is of special significance and is particularly rich in animal fossils. The coral reef by Štramberk is amongst the richest paleontological sites in the Czech Republic. The final Tertiary flood reached as far as the Opava and Hlučín regions and created deposits of gypsum containing remarkable exemplars of flora and fauna (for example at Kobeřice, where the only currently mined gypsum deposit in the Czech Republic is located).          

The botanical part of the exhibition contains exemplars of mosses, lichens and fungi, combined with herbaria of major representatives of plant families, with a focus on botanically interesting protected areas (Velká Kotlina, Praděd, Mionší, Radhošť National Parks etc.), endemic species and relicts from Silesia and north Moravia.          The zoological part of the exhibition focuses primarily on species that are found in Silesia. The display starts with the simplest life forms, moving up through single-celled organisms, via molluscs and arthropods up to vertebrates.

Article last updated: 09.05.2018

Print whole article

Recommend article „ Nature in Silesia “ on Facebook      

NextArticles in this section


The Silesia exhibition


The main distinguishing feature of the Silesia exhibition, both as a whole and in its individual sections, is its dynamism. In contrast to the static, conservative concept previously applied, the chosen approach allows the Museum to constantly maintain its attraction to visitors through the highly flexible variation of individual exhibits or entire sections. This has helped the Museum to build a foundation for the easy updating of the displays contained within the Historical Exhibition Building. Due to the restricted amount of space available and the richness of the Museum’s collection, this concept allows visitors to see the widest possible range of exhibits and topics relating to the natural and cultural richness of Silesia. It would only be a slight exaggeration to say that every time we welcome a visitor, he or she discovers something new. The Silesia exhibition takes up all three floors of the Historical Exhibition Building of the Silesian Museum.

Read whole article  
The Encyclopaedia of Silesia

The Encyclopaedia of Silesia


through an encyclopaedia. This concept represents a critical reaction to the previous exhibitions of 1955 and 1981, which attempted to gain a ‘scientific’ view of the Silesian, and Ostrava, region through the application of the principles of chronological development and the delineation of specialist fields.

Read whole article